3-D Printing Process

Regardless of which approach a 3-D printer utilizes, the general printing procedure is by and large the same. In their book “Added substance Manufacturing Technologies: Rapid Prototyping to Direct Digital Manufacturing,” Ian Gibson, David W. Rosen and Brent Stucker rundown the accompanying eight stages in the non specific AM procedure:

Step 1: CAD

Produce a 3-D model using computer-aided design (CAD) software. The software may provide some hint as to the structural integrity you can expect in the finished product, too, using scientific data about certain materials to create virtual simulations of how the object will behave under certain conditions.


Step 2: Conversion to STL

Change over the CAD attracting to the STL group. STL, which is an acronym for standard tessellation dialect, is a document design created for 3D Systems in 1987 for use by its stereolithography contraption (SLA) machines. Most 3-D printers can utilize STL records notwithstanding some restrictive document sorts, for example, ZPR by Z Corporation and ObjDF by Objet Geometries.

Step 3: Transfer to AM Machine and STL File Manipulation

A client duplicates the STL document to the PC that controls the 3-D printer. There, the client can assign the size and introduction for printing. This is like the way you would set up a 2-D printout to print 2-sided or in scene versus picture introduction.

3D Printer

Step 4: Machine Setup

Every machine has its own necessities for how to get ready for another print work. This incorporates refilling the polymers, folios and different consumables the printer will utilize. It also covers adding a plate to serve as a foundation or adding the material to build temporary water-soluble supports.

Step 5: Build

Give the machine a chance to do its thing; the build procedure is for the most part programmed. Every layer is as a rule around 0.1 mm thick, however it can be much more thinner or thicker. Depending upon the object’s size, the machine and the materials utilized, this procedure could take hours or even days to finish. Be sure to check on the machine periodically to make sure there are no errors.

Step 6: Removal

Remove the printed object (or multiple objects in some cases) from the machine. Be sure to take any safety precautions to avoid injury such as wearing gloves to protect yourself from hot surfaces or toxic chemicals.

Step 7: Postprocessing

Many 3-D printers will require some amount of post-processing for the printed object. This could include brushing off any remaining powder or bathing the printed object to remove water-soluble supports. The new print may be weak during this step since some materials require time to cure, so caution might be necessary to ensure that it doesn’t break or fall apart.

Step 8: Application

Make use of the newly printed object or objects.